of her inhabitants for the sake of the other partner of the United Nations,
cannot be recognised by the Polish nation as an act of justice, or help to
stabilise the Polish-Russian relations on a friendly and peaceful basis . . .
" The Polish people survey this problem . . . there is the demand that
Poland should renounce concretely half of her territory (that is, her own
property) for the benefit of the Soviets, while she (Poland) is given only
a promise of gaining certain territories of the Reich at some unknown time.
Concurrent with this promise, the Soviets are extending their hand for part
of East Prussia, including Koenigsberg, an unspoken danger signal for
" Yet, in spite of all this, in spite of the demand that Poland should agree
to the loss of her eastern provinces, linked with her so tightly by tradition,
patriotism, culture, work and sacrifice, in spite of the blow which strikes
into the deepest recess of the Polish soul ... the Polish nation will fight . . .
with a faith that this war will result in the straightening out of not one, but
ail the political knots and, finally, that the true and noble rules of justice,
for weak and strong alike, will rule in the camp of the United Nations."
The Polish Government confined its reaction against the speech of the
British Prime Minister to a demarche in the Foreign Office. Loud
protests were heard from among the Poles in the U.S.A. and the Polish
Members of the Congress, who sent protests to the Speaker of the House
of Commons and to the British Prime Minister, declaring the Prime
Minister's Statement on the ' guarantee to the Polish frontier * and the
Russian demand ' for reassurance ' at the cost of Poland, to be incon-
sistent with the British-Polish Treaty, confirmed by the British Parliament
in I939j and that it radically altered the war-aims of the United Nations
as worded in the Atlantic Charter.
" Shall that Polish nation whose every tenth citizen gave his life fighting
German totalitarianism in defence of his freedom and honour, become again
the prey of violence, greed and injustice and sutler the loss of half its terri-
" In one of your most memorable and best-known speeches, you inter-
preted your duties as His Britannic Majesty's Prime Minister, declaring
that you did not take over that illustrious post in order to preside at the
dismemberment of the British Empire. It was the more surprising to us
when, in your recent speech, you gave the impression of being ready to
allow the dismemberment of Poland.
" It is idle for anybody to deny mutual British-Polish Treaty obligations.
The Polish people did well understand and thoroughly fulfil their share of
those pledges when, together with their British Allies, Polish soldiers fought
in defence of England and of the British Empire. As to the English side,
it is worth remembering, Mr. Prime Minister, that when in 1939, through
her noblest representatives, Britain signed her Treaty of Alliance with
Poland, she did conclude that agreement with Poland of her 1939 boundaries,
in defence of which millions of Poles have died and are dying. It was
indeed not a Poland with boundaries defined by her enemies, who were also
your erstwhile foes and whom you cannot now appease at Poland's expense.
<c Nobody can wipe out Britain's obligations to Poland from the con-
science of the British people and of the gallant British Army . . . No one
can do this as long as the graves of Polish fliers killed in action over England
are not removed from British soil."